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x to Why is a multi-faceted project with a different approach to learning mathematics. The project focuses on students who struggle in middle and high school mathematics while providing increased access to algebraic concepts and skills for all students.


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Student Growth

Progress monitoring data indicate that students using the M^Power curriculum showed higher levels of growth than a comparative national sample (p = 0.0001).

Student Engagement

Students engage in the algebraic tasks, share their ideas in multiple discussion opportunities, and work in different group structures.

Accessible Tasks

Tasks have multiple entry points and the capability to be extended to challenge thinking, making them accessible for a broad range of diverse learners.

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MPower A Path to Understanding Algebra

A student-centered, year-long curriculum designed to build and strengthen algebraic concepts and skills.

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Professional Learning

XPDitions Journeys into Professional Development

Teacher learning experiences that deepen content knowledge, expand the repertoire of instructional strategies, emphasize struggling learners’ support, and build a network.

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NSights Math Games for Conceptual Understanding

Games to promote number and flexibility, problem-solving, and strategic thinking.

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The x to Why Project addresses the challenge of supporting middle and high school students who struggle in algebra and lessening the achievement gap.

Our MPower research questions include:

1)  What effect does curriculum have on the growth of students who struggle in algebra?

2)  What student-centered instructional strategies support the growth of students who struggle in algebra? Using an iterative design process, the materials were pilot-tested in middle and high school classes. Student growth was measured with conceptual and skill-based progress monitoring instruments.

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Barbara Dougherty



Fay Zenigami



Linda Venenciano



Dean Lodes

Project Manager

darrell asato

Darrell Asato

Layout Design

lori ward

Lori Ward

Managing Editor


Byron Inouye

Graphic Design


Sydney Carey

Layout Design